Environmental protection at Správa železnic
The environment can be defined by many ways: as a complex set of external conditions, both biotic and abiotic ones, as the surroundings of an individual, population or other living systems that provides all factors necessary for life. It is a sophisticated, integrated and dynamic two-way system being the prerequisite for further evolution of all organisms. A human being is part of both the natural and cultural (artificial) eco-systems and cannot live without them.
Environmental pollution is the result of systematic and ill-considered human activity. It involves physical, chemical and biological substances and factors, the disruption of natural biotopes and reduction of biodiversity leading to the destabilization of eco-systems. Unfortunately, activities that pose a threat to the environment also include railway transport that is rightly considered as a means of sustainable mobility. Even here, however, there is a number of issues related to the environmental.
Environmental protection is one of the basic pre-conditions for human existence; it is a systematic activity regulated by bilateral and multilateral international agreements, and legal regulations of individual states. For the European Community environmental protection is of key importance, so it governs environmental protection through comprehensive legal regulations.
The main directions of Správa železnic in environmental protection are the following:
- Fulfil legal obligations applying to different environmental components
- Continuously eliminate past environmental impacts of the railway and reduce the environmental burden of existing sources of pollution, including such issues as the clean-up of leaked hazardous material in the environment and old noise burden
- Design future railway infrastructure projects in a way that their environmental impact is as small as possible
Správa železnic pays due attention to all components of the environment to avoid threats and damage to the environment or public health caused by its operations. The innovative change of heating units in boiler houses (a source of air pollution), waste restrictions and more recycling, and implementation of noise insulation in the railway infrastructure as part of modernization are only some examples.